April 26 2023
  Ahmed Umair

Ultimate Checklist of Documents Required for ERAS® Residency Application

The Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS®) is a centralised system for applying to residency programs in the United States. ERAS® simplifies the application process by allowing applicants to submit all their materials through a single portal. However, it is essential to ensure that all necessary documents are included in the application, as incomplete applications may be discarded by residency programs. Let’s  discuss the essential documents required for ERAS® residency application. 

When applying for a residency program through the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS®), applicants must submit the following documents:

Tracking Documents:

When it comes to managing the documents for your residency application, tracking them is essential. This will help ensure that all of the necessary documents have been gathered and that they are properly organised and submitted on time. To make tracking easier, create a checklist of all necessary documents and keep track of their progress in an organised manner. Make sure you have obtained all letters of recommendation, transcripts, photographs, certifications, etc., and double-check them for accuracy. Additionally, it may be helpful to use physical folders or digital filing systems to store your documents in one place. Don’t forget to keep copies of everything you submit with your application; having backups can help you easily reference any information should there be any issues during the review process.

ERAS® provides an Applicant Document Tracking System, which allows you to monitor the receipt and status of each document. You can log in to the ERAS® system to check the status of your application, including the documents received and the ones still missing.


ERAS Residency Application

A recent passport-style photograph is required for your ERAS® application. The photograph should be in colour and taken within the last six months. Make sure to include a professional headshot in your application, as this will be the first impression that many reviewers have of you. You can either upload a digital copy of the photo through the ERAS® system or mail a hard copy to your designated programs.

Additionally, photos can be used to show off any special awards or honours you may have earned, such as for volunteer work or research projects. When selecting photos to include in your residency application, keep them tasteful and professional. You should also ensure that they are clear and high quality so that reviewers can easily make out all the details of each photo. Remember to always keep copies of any photos you submit just in case they get lost during the review process.

Personal Statement:

It is an opportunity to convey your personality, experiences, and motivations to the residency programs. Your statement should be well-written, concise, and highlight your unique qualities. It should be a comprehensive review of you as an individual, highlighting your strengths and accomplishments. As such, it’s important to take your time crafting this statement and to write in a clear, concise manner. Start by introducing yourself and discussing what makes you stand out from other applicants. Be sure to include any special awards or honours you may have earned, as well as any volunteer work or research projects you participated in. 

Letters of Recommendation (LoRs):

ERAS Residency Application

Letters of recommendation (LoRs) are an essential part of your ERAS® application.  It is important to choose individuals who can provide a comprehensive review of your academic and professional achievements, as well as any personal qualities that make you stand out from other applicants. Most residency programs require three to four LoRs, which should come from physicians or other professionals who have worked closely with you. You should choose letter writers who know you well and can attest to your clinical skills, work ethic, and personal qualities. ERAS® provides a Letter of Recommendation Portal, which allows your letter writers to upload their letters directly to your application. Make sure to ask each writer at least two months in advance, so they have enough time to compose an effective letter.


The USMLE is required to become a licensed medical doctor in the US. The USMLE is a three-part test for medical licences in the US. Passing all parts is necessary for a medical licence. Prepare, review key concepts and practice sample questions. Build endurance to complete all sections in the allotted time. USMLE scores must be included in the ERAS® application. In addition, make sure to read the instructions carefully and submit all necessary documents on time.You must include your USMLE transcript in your ERAS® application. The transcript will include your scores for each exam and the dates you took them.


The Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination (COMLEX-USA) is a three-step examination for osteopathic medical licensure in the United States. COMLEX-USA consists of three parts, which assess knowledge and skills related to patient care, clinical science, and medical knowledge. Passing all three examinations is required for licensure as an osteopathic physician. To prepare for the exam it is best to review key concepts and strategies that have been tested recently on the exam, spend time taking practice questions, and build up your endurance so you can complete the sections within the allotted time frame. Additionally, look into resources such as study guides, tutorials, and online courses that can help you better understand how to approach each section of the exam. If you are an osteopathic medical student, you must include your COMLEX-USA transcript in your ERAS® application.


ERAS Residency Application

The Medical Student Performance Evaluation (MSPE) is a document that is used to evaluate the performance of medical students throughout their medical school career. It’s an important part of the ERAS® Residency Application process and serves as a summary of your educational and clinical experiences, as well as your academic accomplishments. The MSPE will be written by your medical school and sent to residency programs on your behalf when you submit your application. It’s important to make sure that the information in this document accurately reflects who you are and what you’ve accomplished in order to make a good impression on residency programs. To ensure this, ask for feedback from faculty or mentors at your school prior to submitting it, and work with them to resolve any discrepancies or misunderstandings. Doing so can help you get closer to achieving your goals as a future physician!

Medical School (MS) Transcript:

The transcript from your Medical School (MS) is an important document that residency programmes use to evaluate your academic performance. They provide the residency program with a comprehensive overview of your academic and clinical performance throughout medical school. You must include an official copy of your transcript in your ERAS® application. Your MS transcript should include all courses taken and associated grades, as well as any honours or awards you may have received. It’s essential to review your MS transcript prior to submitting it as part of your ERAS® Residency application, to make sure it accurately reflects your achievements. Any discrepancies or misunderstandings should be addressed with faculty or mentors at your school prior to submission in order to ensure that the information is accurate and complete. Doing so is a great way to show residency programs that you’re a responsible and capable future physician! 


Submitting a complete ERAS® application is crucial to increasing your chances of matching with a residency program. Keeping track of your documents, including a recent photo, crafting a strong personal statement, obtaining high-quality LoRs, and including your USMLE/COMLEX-USA scores and medical school transcript are all essential elements of your application. With these tips in mind, you can prepare a strong and complete ERAS® application to increase your chances of success in the residency match process. Still need help? contact us for professional help from our ERAS personal statement writers / editors.